Art of Mongolia
Mongolian Folk Art
The Mongolian folklore is one of the art kinds which is being inherited through Tuulich / folk poet/, eruulch / praise reciter/, and ulgerch / storytellers/ from the centuries to century. The Folklore Heritage includes the folklore arts such as folk poetry, folk tales, folk legend and story, true story, folk and long song lyrics, phrase, folk say and mantras. It is classified as melodious and unmelodious. Unmelodious Folklore arts are legend and fairy tale, phrase, patter and guessing. Melodious Folklores are cradle song, short song, long song, praise, and tuuli/folk poet/.
The short song is the kind of folk sonag that has a shorter melodies and being developed by nomads and its author is always unknown. Its melodies sound differently in each parts of Mongolia, because they expresses the character of that nationality and place in the songs. There are the short songs of Khalkh, buriad, uzemchin, bayad, khotgoid, dariganga, tsakhar, and khuree. The short songs of Khuree were usually spread in 1900-1930. And, sing with Shanz musical instrument. For example: Yanjuur Tamkhi, Khukh trogon tsamts, Gangan khul, Jiijuu khot, Kheyenkhuar and Zuun langiyn joroo luus etc. Melody of short song is short spoken, few vibrations and easier to sing, so people mostly like to sing this kind of songs.
Urtiyn Duu/Long Song/
Mongolian folk Urtiyn duu / long song/ is unique in the world. Wide steppe of Mongolia is influenced in the voice range of Mongolians. Otherwise, its melody is based on the everyday life of nomadic Mongolians. Long songs have no author or writer. Generally, it is founded by the people of Mongolia and had been developing by itself until nowadays. The meanings of songs are usually about nomads life and nature. In 2005, Long Song registered as the Best Art Heritage in the World Heritage Center by UNESCO.