Mongolian Wildlife

Mongolian Wildlife and Nature


Mongolia is home to many of the animal populations in the world because of the high mountains, vast steppes, sandy desert, lakes and rivers, and four seasons of the year, with a variety of natural and geographical conditions.

Animal Species:
  • Birds – 434 species
  • Mammals – 138 species
  • Reptiles – 22 species
  • Fish – 75 species
  • Amphibians – 6 species
  • Insects – 13000 species
  • Mollusks – 516 species
 Endangered animals
  • Elk or Red Deer
  • Marbeled Polecat
  • Stone Martin
  • Wild Boar
  • Black Tailed Gazelle
  • Pallas’ cat or Manul
  • Musk Deer
  • Mongolian Saiga
  • Siberian Ibex
  • Wild sheep or Argali
  • Snow Leopards
  • Wild Camel or Khavtgai
  • Gobi Bear or Mazaalai
  • The Swan Goose
  • Black Storks
  • Great Black-Headed Gulls
  • Whooper Swans
  • Great White Egrets
  • Dalmatian Pelican
  • Spoonbills
  • Lammergeyer
  • Golden Eagle
  • Cenereous Vulture
  • Snowcock or Altain ular

There are about 3000 species of plants and flowers grow in Mongolia, including more than 800 medical plants that used in a traditional medicine.

Mongolia is characterized by its vast territory, its mountains, depressions, and extreme continental climate, so it is quite unique for vegetation, and three main areas – forest taiga, steppe, and desert – are evolving.

These regions are gradually shifting each other and creating transverse or intermediate regions.

There are 6 regions which are adapted to the landscape and climate of Mongolia had been created.

  1. High mountain or alpine region
  2. Taiga and mountainous region
  3. Mountainous forest steppe region
  4. Dry steppe region
  5. Desert steppe region
  6. Desert region

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