Mongolia is located in central, east Asia and has no ocean port. It borders with Russia on north and China with east, south and west. The population is about 3 million and the growth is 2.8%. Two third of the population is below 30years and most of the citizens live in the capital city Ulaanbaatar. Almost more than one million people are living Ulaanbaatar and the city is still expanding every year. The average density of population is 1.7 square kilometers and it’s just about 0.4 square kilometers in the gobi desert. 76% of the population speaks Khalkh Mongolian, another 14% speaks different Mongolian languages such as Kazakh, Tuva, Uriankhai, and Khoton, the official language is Khalkh Mongolian.
There are 17 tribes in Mongolia and Most of them are native Mongolian Tribes and 7% is Kazakhs from Turcik nation, 5% is Tungus Khamnigan and 3% is other.
Mongolian has around 1564200 square/kilometers land, which located in the heart of Asia. It is 2398 kilometers from west to the east, 1258 kilometers from north to the south. Total length of the border is 8160 kilometers. Mongolia is mostly mountainous and about 1500 meters elevated from the sea level and the lowest point in Blue Lake of eastern Mongolia is 557 meters and the highest point Khuiten Peak in Altai Mountain range is 4374 meters from the sea level.
Mongolian landscape is divided into 4 types which are mountainous alpine region, mountainous steppe region, semi desert region, desert region. Basically, there are 3 mountainous parts, Khan Khentii Mountain Range, Khangai mountain range, Mongol Altai mountain range and the south part is gobi desert and east part is steppe. The biggest lake is Uvs lake 3360 square kilometers wide and another special lake is Khovsgol lake 2758 square kilometers and it is the biggest freshwater lake in the Central Asia.